Gastritis Treatment

What is gastritis?
Gastritis is when your stomach lining gets red and swollen (inflamed).
Your stomach lining is strong. In most cases, acid does not hurt it. But it can get inflamed and irritated if you drink too much alcohol, eat spicy foods, have damage from pain relievers called NSAIDs, or smoke.
What causes gastritis?
Gastritis may be caused by many things. It can be caused by diet and lifestyle habits such as:
Drinking too much alcohol
Eating spicy foods
Extreme stress. This can be from serious or life-threatening health problems.
Long-term use of aspirin and over-the-counter pain and fever medicines
Health issues that can lead to gastritis include:
Infections caused by bacteria and viruses
Major surgery
Traumatic injury or burns
Some diseases can also cause gastritis. These include:
Autoimmune disorders. This is when your immune system attacks your body’s healthy cells by mistake.
Chronic bile reflux. This is when bile backs up into your stomach and food pipe (esophagus). Bile is a fluid that helps you digest food.
Pernicious anemia. This is a form of anemia that happens when your stomach can;t digest vitamin B-12.
What are the symptoms of gastritis?
Each person’s symptoms may vary. The most common symptoms of gastritis include:
Stomach upset or pain
Belching and hiccups
Belly (abdominal) bleeding
Nausea and vomiting
Feeling of fullness or burning in your stomach
Loss of appetite
Blood in your vomit or stool. This is a sign that your stomach lining may be bleeding.
The symptoms of gastritis may look like other health problems. Always see your healthcare provider for a diagnosis.
How is gastritis diagnosed?
Your healthcare provider will give you a physical exam and ask about your past health. You may also have tests including:
Upper GI (gastrointestinal) series or barium swallow. This X-ray checks the organs of the top part of your digestive system. It checks the esophagus, stomach, and the first part of your small intestine (duodenum). You will swallow a metallic fluid called barium. Barium coats the organs so that they can be seen on the X-ray.
Upper endoscopy (EGD. This test looks at the inside of your esophagus, stomach, and duodenum. It uses a thin, lighted tube, called an endoscope. The tube has a camera at one end. Your healthcare provider puts the tube into your mouth and throat. Then the provider moves it into your esophagus, stomach, and duodenum. Your provider can see the inside of these organs. He or she can also take a small tissue sample (biopsy) if needed.
Blood tests. You will have a test for H. pylori, a type of bacteria that may be in your stomach. Another test will check for anemia. You can get anemia when you don’t have enough red blood cells. Sometimes you may have low levels of certain vitamins and need to take a dietary supplements.
Stool sample . This test checks to see if you have stomach bacteria that can cause gastritis. A small sample of your stool is collected and sent to a lab. Another stool test can check for blood in your stool. This may be a sign of gastritis if you have bleeding.
Breath test. You may have a test where your breath is collected and analyzed for a stomach bacteria.

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